This is the reading list for data journalism and computational journalism classes at Jomec (Cardiff University) for undergraduate and postgraduate journalism students. Some references have a link to the Cardiff University library that is only available to registered students but most of the works below are online and the others are generally available from book dealers.


Bounegru, Liliana & Gray, Jonathan. The data journalism handbook: towards a critical data practice. Amsterdam University Press, 2021

Bounegru, Liliana, Chambers, Lucy & Gray, Jonathan. The data journalism handbook (One). 2011

Dasgupta, Subrata. The ‘stuff’ of computing, Computer Science. A very short introduction. OUP, 2016, p. 1-12

Felle, Tom et al. Data journalism: inside the global future. Abramis, 2015. Library resource

Global Investigative Journalism Conferences. 2019 | 2021

GIJN Introductory videos.

Harford, Tim. Ponder your personal experience. How to make the world add up. Ten rules for thinking differently about numbers. Bridge Street Press, 2020

Houston, Brant. Data Journalism. A brief history. GIJN, 2015 and, 2021

Houston, Brant. Data for journalists: a practical guide for computer-assisted reporting. Routledge, 2019. Library resource

International Journalism Festival (Perugia) 2019. Video playlist

Mair, John et al. Data journalism: past, present and future. Abramis, 2017. Library resource

Mayhew, Henry. London labour and the London poor [1851-52]. Penguin, 1985. Library resource

Meyer, Philip. The Journalism We Need. Precision Journalism. Rowman & Littlefield, 1973, 2002, 4th ed., p. 1-17. Library resource

Mutsvairo, Bruce et al. Data Journalism in the Global South. Springer. 2020. Library resource

News impact summit: democratising data (June 2021). Video, 5h & programme

Pilhofer, Aron. Getting started with datajournalism. 2017. 40’ Video

Reilley, Mike & Sunne, Samantha. Data + Journalism: A story-driven approach to learning data reporting. Routledge, 2023. Library resource

Rogers, Simon. Facts are sacred. Faber & Faber, 2013.

Rukmini, S. Whole numbers and half truths: what data can and cannot tell us about modern India. Context, 2021. Library resource

SPJ. Data tools & tipsheets [Overpowering list but worth browsing]

Tong, Jingrong. Data Journalism. Journalism in the data age. Sage, 2022, p. 59-88.

Census 2021

BBC. Census to provide snapshot of life during pandemic. March 2021

Benton, Pete. Census 2021: ask me anything. Reddit. October 2020

Dunn, Ed. “Census 2021: the count is done, the data is in, so what happens next?” ONS.

Hutchinson, Roger. The Butcher, the baker, the candlestick maker. Abacus, 2017

Jack, Andrew & Giles, Chris. Academics warn census in pandemic risks distorting government grants. Financial Times. March 2021



Barr, Caelinn et al., Counting the human cost of Covid-19: Numbers tell a story words can’t. Guardian, May 2020

Bradshaw, Paul. How to brainstorm Covid-19 data story ideas., April 2020

Bronner, Laura et al., Why it’s so freaking hard to make a good Covid-19 model, Fivethirtyeight. March 2020

Burn-Murdoch, John. Coronavirus trajectory tracker explained. 2020. 6’ Video

Burn-Murdoch, John. EJC Trust conference: The FT’s trajectory tracker. 2020. 20’ Video

Byrd, Josh et al. These charts track how coronavirus is spreading around the world. ABC (au), 2020

Chang, Kenneth. A different way to chart the spread of coronavirus. NY Times. 2020

Field, Kenneth. Mapping coronavirus data responsibly. Feb 2020

First Draft News. Covering coronavirus: an online course for journalists. 2020

Frumkin, Rebekah. How to draw the coronavirus. The Paris Review. 2020

FT. Coronavirus tracker.

Georgia public health. What is a moving average and why is it useful? 2020

GIJN. Evaluating the evidence. 2020. 1h 20’ Video

GIJN. Covid-19 hub

Harford, Tim. Statistics, lies and the virus: Tim Harford’s five lessons from a pandemic. Financial Times. September 2020

Johnson, Oliver. How to read coronavirus graphs. The Spectator. April 2020

Krakov, Andy. 13 things to visualise about Covid-19 besides case loads. Medium. March 2020

Makulic, Amanda. Ten considerations before you create another chart about Covid-19, Medium. March 2020

Meers, Jelta, How data journalists exposed the real Covid-19 death toll in Brazil. GIJN, July 2020

ONS. Project Cairo (overall portfolio but includes Covid-19 work)

Philip, Rowan. How to tackle the global undercount in Covid-19 deaths: reporters offer tips and techniques, GIJN, May 2020

Reuters. Breaking the wave: How to graph the curve

Reuters. A deluge of death in northern Italy, March 2020

Riva, Catherine & Tinari, Serena. Guide for journalists: Investigating health & medicine. GIJN

Spiegelhalter, David. Communicating statistics, risk and uncertainty in the age of Covid. 40’ Video

Spiegelhalter, David & Masters, Anthony. Covid by Numbers: making sense of the pandemic with data. Penguin, 2021.

Stevens, Harry. Why outbreaks like coronavirus spread exponentially, and how to ‘flatten the curve’. Washington Post. March 2020

Tableau. Covid-19 hub

Digital security

— See first section of Bazzell in OSINT section on setting up machines for online investigation

Committee to Protect Journalists. Digital safety kit for journalists

Global Cyber Alliance. Cybersecurity toolkit for journalists

McGregor, Susan. Information security essentials: a guide for reporters, editors, and newsroom leaders. Columbia University Press, 2021 Library resource

Rory Peck Trust. Digital security resources for freelancers

Reporters Without Borders. Digital security guide


— See Journalism section for Codes and Guidelines

Alsudais, Abdulkareem. Incorrect Data in the Widely Used Inside Airbnb Dataset. 2020

Belmont Report (US govt)

Cabreros, Irineo. Side-stepping safeguards, data journalists are doing science now. Undark. 2021

Chalabi, Mona. Mapping kidnappings in Nigeria. 538. 2014

Christian, Sue Ellen. Cognitive Biases and Errors as Cause—and Journalistic Best Practices as Effect. Journal of Mass Media Ethics. 28:3, 2013. p. 160-74. Library resource

Coddington, Mark & Lewis, Seth. Do journalists hide behind sources when they use numbers in the news? Nieman Lab, 2021 & Lawson, B.T. Hiding Behind Databases, Institutions and Actors: How Journalists Use Statistics in Reporting Humanitarian Crises. Journalism Practice, 2021

Craig et al., To Post or Not to Post: Online Discussion of Gun Permit Mapping and the Development of Ethical Standards in Data Journalism. *Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly*, January 2017

Craig et al. Ethical questions in data journalism and the power of online discussion., 2017

Criado-Perez, Caroline. Invisible women: data bias in a world designed for men. Vintage, 2019. Library resource

Diakopoulos, Nick. BuzzFeed’s pro tennis investigation displays ethical dilemmas of data journalism. CJR, 2016.

Diakopoulos, Nick. The ethics of predictive journalism. CJR, 2020

Gold, Zachardy & Latonero, Mark. Robots Welcome? Ethical and Legal Considerations for Web Crawling and Scraping. Washington Journal of Law, Technology & Arts. 13/3, 2018, p. 275. Library resource

Golumbia, David. Fair Game: commonly used by researchers and journalists, data scraping is an underacknowledged privacy concern. 2022

Harris, Jacob. Connecting with the dots

Heydt, Michael. Scraping. Code of conduct. Python web scraping cookbook, Packt, 2018. Library resource

Knight Center. Ethics and equity in data journalism. Online course. 2020

Marconi, Francesco. Newsmakers: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Journalism. Columbia University Press, 2020. Library resource

Mitchell, Ryan. Legalities & ethics of web scraping (p. 265-79); Note on ethics (p. 217-18). Web scraping with Python. O’Reilly, 2nd ed., 2018. Library resource

NPR. Did George Floyd die or was he murdered? 2020

ONS. Web scraping policy

Open Data Institute. Assessing risk when sharing data: a guide. Feb 2022

Reuters. Microsoft’s LinkedIn loses appeal over access to user profiles, Sept 2019

Rogers, Richard. The API and the ethics turn. Doing Digital Methods. Sage, 2019, p. 206-09

Scrapinghub. Web Scraping Best Practices Guide

Sellars, Andrew. Twenty years of web scraping and the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. Boston University Journal of Science & Technology Law. 24, 2018

Shiab, Nael. On the ethics of web scraping. GIJN, 2015

Singel, Ryan. Netflix spilled your Brokeback Mountain secret, lawsuit claims. Wired, 2009

Tameez, Hanaa. What type of local news stories should be automated?, Nielman Lab, 2022

UK Statistics Authority. Ethical considerations in the use of geospatial data. May 2021 [includes checklist]

Velotio. Scraping guidelines & best practices

Wilson, Greg et al. Good enough practices in scientific computing. PLOS. 2017

Excel & Sheets

Berkeley Media Lab. A quick and easy guide to spreadsheets

Bradshaw, Paul. Finding stories with spreadsheets. Leanpub, 2016

Free Code Camp. 3-hr Google Sheets youtube video

GCF Global. Google spreadsheets

Google. Sheets training & help

Groeger, Lena. Spreadsheets lab

Harford, Tim. The tyranny of spreadsheets. FT, June 2021

Houston, Brant. Let the spreadsheet do the math. GIJN. 2019

Katz, Abbott. Excel dynamic array functions: what datajournalists need to know.

Kelion, Leo. Excel: Why using Microsoft’s tool caused Covid-19 results to be lost. BBC News, Oct 2020.

Lambrechts, Maarten. Cleaning data in Excel: video course. 1h 30’ video

MacDonald, Matthew. Excel 2013: the missing manual. O’Reilly

Muth, Lisa Charlotte. How to match data with VLOOKUP.

NY Times. Data course spreadsheets cheatsheets

Quartz. Bad data

Webster, Mary-Jo. Excel basics

Webster, Mary-Jo. Excel magic. 2019


11KBW. Pantopicon (blog)

Amin, Lucas. Access denied: the UK government attack on Freedom of Information. Open Democracy, October 2021

Amin, Lucas & Montague, Brendan. FOIA without the lawyer: freedom, information and the press. TCIJ, 2012

Amin, Lucas & Montague, Brendan. EIRs without the lawyer: the journalist’s guide to the Environmental Information Regulations. TCIJ, 2013

Bartlett, Rachel. How to submit a freedom of information request., 2012

Basnett, Guy & McNamara, Paul. FOI at ten. How all journalists can use the freedom of information act to find great exclusives. Press Gazette. 2015

BBC & Miller, Charles. Five ways to stop your FOI request being rejected. 2015

Brooke, Heather. Your right to know. A citizen’s guide to the Freedom of Information Act. 2nd ed., Pluto, 2007. Library resource

Burgess, Matt

— FOI directory

— Freedom of Information: A Practical Guide for UK Journalists. Routledge, 2015. Library resource

— FOIA. 103 stories that prove Chris Grayling wrong. Guardian, 2015

— Some of the best stories based on FOI requests in 2017

Campaign for Freedom of Information

Committee Evidence on Cabinet Office FOI Clearing House, Oct 2021

Harrison, Sian & Hanna, Mark. The Freedom of Information Act 2000. McNae’s Essential Law for Journalists, 26th ed., 2022, Chapter 37 (online). Library resource

Gibbons, Paul. The Freedom of Information Officer. Open Data Institute. 2019. 40’ Video

GIJN. FOIA this! (article series)

Geoghegan, Peter. FOI. London Review of Books. 43/4, 2021

Goldberg, Kevin. FOI resources. GIJN. 2019

Harris, Kelly, Metcalfe, Eric & Wadham, John. Blackstone’s guide to the Freedom of Information Act 2000. 5th ed., OUP, 2013. Library resource

Higgerson, David. FOI ideas. 2016

Information Commissioner’s Office — Guide to authorities that respond to FOI. 2017

— How to get information from a public body (for individuals)

— A guide to freedom of information (for organisations)

Legal-leaks. Legal leaks toolkit. A guide for journalists on how to access government information

McIntosh, Toby. Walking the FOI beat. Tipsheet. GIJN. 2019

Miller, Claire, A great big list of FOI ideas. Jan 2013

Morrison, James. Freedom of Information. Essential public affairs for journalists (7th ed.). OUP, 2021, p. 436-52. Library resource (6th ed)

Open Democracy. Freedom of Information (article series)

Reid, Alastair. Ten years of FOI. Resources and tips for journalists. 2015

Rosenbaum, Martin. 10 things we found out because of FOI. BBC Online. 2015

TBIJ. Bureau launches action over hidden council finances. October 2020

UCL. Chronology of FOI in the UK

UK government guide to FOI

What do they know? FOIs already placed


ABC. Style guide

Associated Press. News values & principles

Associated Press. Data Journalism. The Associated Press Stylebook. 55th ed., 2020-22. p. 358-63. Library resource

BBC Academy: journalism students

BBC. Editorial guidelines

BBC. Style guide

Carpenter, Siri. The craft of science writing: selections from the Open Notebook. Madison, 2020. Library resource

Corbett, Philip B. Copy edit this! (complete list of quiz links)

Editors’ Code of Practice Committee. The Editors’ Codebook or Editors’ Code

Guardian. Style guide

Impress. Standards code

IPSO. Rulings

Kovach, Bill & Rosenstiel, Tom. The Elements of Journalism. What newspeople should know and the public should expect. Three Rivers Press, 2012

NCTJ. Skills videos

NUJ. Code of conduct

Ofcom. The Ofcom broadcasting code

ONS. Style guide

Orwell, George. Politics and the English Language. 1946

Propublica. Guide to working with data and publishing apps

Reuters. Handbook of journalism

Machine Learning

Aldhous. Peter. We trained a computer to search for hidden spy planes: this is what it found. Buzzfeed. 2017 with code

Beckett, Charlie. New powers, new responsibilities: A global survey of journalism and artificial intelligence. 2019

Bradshaw, Paul. Ten ways AI can be used for investigations (slides). 2019

Cheung, Paul. Journalism’s superfood: AI? Knight Foundation. 2019

DataFlair. Detecting fake news with python

Deepnews. Article scorer for journalistic quality

Fussell, Sidney. AI Shows ExxonMobil Downplayed Its Role in Climate Change. 2021

Gajtkowski, Adam. Predicting FT trending topics. 2021

Google News Initiative. Introduction to machine learning

ICIJ. Datashare (tool for sorting large amounts of documents)

Merrill, Jeremy B. Chamber of Secrets: teaching a machine what Congress cares about. Propublica. Oct 2017

Merrill, Jeremy B. Searching Bill de Blasio’s emails with the universal sentence encoder. Quartz

Roberts, Brandon. Dissecting a machine learning powered investigation: Uncovering local property tax evasion using machine learning and statistical modeling. Artificial Informer. April 2019

Ronderos, Maria Teresa. How innovative newsrooms are using artificial intelligence. GIJN, January 2019

Soma, Jonathan. Practical data science for journalists [Recommended!]

Stray, Jonathan. Beyond the hype: Using AI effectively in investigative journalism. GIJN, September 2019

Thurman, Neil (ed.). *Digital Journalism: algorithms, automation & news*, 7/8 (2019), p. 993-1012. Also as Thurman, Neil (ed.). *Algorithms, Automation & News*. Routledge, 2021

Quartz. Helicopters circling (code)

Wu, Floris. How machine learning can (and can’t) help journalists. March 2019

Wu, Floris. The future of machine learning in journalism. Storybench. 2019


Au, Yung. Thinking critically about maps. Exposing the invisible

Barney, Timothy. How maps show and hide key information about the Ukraine war

Cutts, Andrew. QGIS quick start guide. Packt, 2019 Library resource

Datawrapper. Walkthrough for live choropleth map

De Groot, Len. QGIS basics for journalists. Berkeley. 2014

D’Efilippo, Valentina. Sketching the world. An icebreaker to working with data. Medium, 2020

Dodge, Martin, Kitchin, Rob & Perkins, Chris. Thinking about maps. Rethinking Maps: New Frontiers in Cartographic Theory. Routledge, 2009, p. 1-25

Ericson, Matthew. When maps shouldn’t be maps. 2011

ESRI. US election 2016. Battle of the maps. 2016

Field, Kenneth & Dorling, Danny. UK election cartography. International journal of cartography. 2/2, 2016

Field, Kenneth. Thematic map design

GIS Geography. Choropleth maps: a guide to data classification

Giulani, Diego & Napolitano, Maurizio. Online course: Geospatial analysis and representation for data science. University of Trento, 2020

Graser, Anita. Learning QGIS. Packt, 2016 Library resource

Graser, Anita & Peterson, Gretchen. QGIS map design. Locate Press, 2018

Green, Chris. Mapping the Brexit vote. Blogpost. 2017

House of Commons. MSOA names.

Knight Center. Online course: Intro to mapping for journalists. 2018

Lambrechts, Maarten. The essential lies in news maps. 2019.

Mapschool. A free introduction to GEO

Marcoux, Jacques. Geographic information systems, a use case for journalists. 2019

Mason, Betty. Election maps are everywhere. Don’t let them fool you. NY Times. 2020

McConchie, Alan. How we watched the [U.S.] election. 2020

Monmonier, Mark. How to lie with maps. 3rd ed., University of Chicago Press, 2018 Library resource

Morphocode. The use of color in maps

NHS. Summary of geographical areas in Wales

ONS. A beginner’s guide to UK geography. 2019

ONS. All geographic codes for the UK. 2022

Robinson, Arthur H. The look of maps. An examination of cartographic design. Esri press classics, 1952; 2010

Slocum, Terry et al. Thematic cartography and geovisualisation. 3rd ed., Prentice Hall, 2010

Tableau. Overview of maps in Tableau

Vermeulen, Maite, de Korte & van Houtum. How maps in the media make us more negative about migrants. De Correspondent. September 2020

Network analysis


Aldhous, Peter. NodeXL for network analysis. 2014

Bloomberg. Who marries whom? 2016

Bounegru et al. Visual network exploration for data journalists. 2017

Bounegru et al. Networks as storytelling devices in journalism. 2016

Bradshaw, Paul. A journalist’s introduction to network analysis. 2020

Bradshaw, Paul. Empathy as an investigative tool. 2020

Brown, Meta S. Why Panama Papers journalists use graph databases. 2016

Eastwood, Jones & Wolfe. Trump, his children and 500+ potential conflicts of interest. WSJ, 2017

ICIJ. Neo4j sandbox and ICIJ datasets.

Hill, Sophie. My little crony. 2021

Hunger, Michael & Lyon, William. Analyzing the Panama Papers with Neo4j: Data Models, Queries & More. 2016

Intal, Carla & Yasseri, Taha. Dissent and Rebellion in the House of Commons: a social network analysis of Brexit-related divisions. 2020

Lindenberg, Frederich. Here’s why investigative reporters need to know knowledge graphs. GIJN. 2020

Marshall, Alex. Radiohead’s corporate empire. 2016

Mohr, Jeff. Celebrity ice bucket challenge. 2021

Neo4j case studies

Romano, Tricia. In Seattle art world, women run the show. The Seattle Times. 2016

Wild, Johanna. Digital investigations for journalists: How to follow the digital trail of people and entities. Module 4: Network analysis. Knight Center. 2020

Numbers & statistics

BBC. Editorial guidelines: statistics.

Bell, Andrew et al. Making sense of data in the media. SAGE, 2020. Library resource

Bergstrom, Carl T. & West, Jevin D. Calling Bullsh-t. The art of scepticism in a data-driven world. Allen Lane, 2020 Library resource

Best, Joel. Damned lies and statistics. University of California Press, 2012 (updated ed.) Library resource; More damned lies and statistics, University of California Press, 2004 Library resource

Blastland, Michael & Dilnot, Andrew. The Tiger that isn’t. Seeing through a world of numbers. Profile, 2008 Library resource

Blauw, Sanne. The number bias. Sceptre, 2020

Chivers, Tom & David Chivers. How to read numbers. A guide to statistics in the news. W&N, 2021

Cohen, Sarah. Numbers in the Newsroom: Using Math and Statistics in News, 2nd ed., IRE, 2014

Cohn, Victor & Cope, Lewis. News and numbers. Wiley-Blackwell, 3rd ed., 2012 Library resource

Cushion, Stephen, Lewis, Justin & Callaghan, Robert. Data Journalism, Impartiality And Statistical Claims. Towards more independent scrutiny in news reporting. Journalism Practice, 11/2017, p. 1198-1215

Davies, William. How statistics lost their power. Guardian, 2017

Goldacre, Ben. Big Pharma. How drug companies mislead doctors and harm patients. 4th Estate, 2012

Goldacre, Ben. I think you’ll find it’s a bit more complicated than that. 4th Estate, 2014

Gould, Stephen Jay. The median isn’t the message. Ceylon Medical Journal. Vol. 49(4), 2004, p. 139-40

Hand, David J. Statistics. A very short introduction. OUP, 2008. Library resource

Hand, David J. Dark Data. Why what you don’t know matters. Princeton, 2020. Library resource

Harford, Tim. How to make the world add up. Bridge Street Press, 2020

Harkness, Timandra. Big data. Does size matter? Bloomsbury, 2016. Library resource

Huff, Darrell. How to lie with statistics. Norton, 1954

Jerven, Morten. Preface. Poor Numbers. Cornell University Press, 2013, p. ix–xiv. Library resource

Jerven, Morten & Wilkinson, Kate. Hard data and soft statistics: A guide to critical reporting., 2019

Kahneman, Daniel. Thinking, Fast and Slow. Penguin, 2011. Library resource

Kaplan, Daniel. Statistical Modelling. 2017

Lievesley, Denise. A guide to statistics for journalists. Reuters Institute, 2020. 1h Video

Marshall, Sarah. How to correctly report numbers in the news. 2012

Matthews, Robert. Storks deliver babies. Teaching statistics, 22/2, 2000

Meyer, Philip. Precision Journalism. A Reporter’s Introduction to Social Science Methods. Rowman & Littlefield, 4th ed., 2002. Library resource

Nguyen, An (ed.). News, numbers and public opinion in a data-driven world. Bloomsbury, 2018. Library resource

Paulos, John Allen. A Mathematician Reads the Newspapers. Penguin, 1995

Paulos, John Allen. Innumeracy. Mathematical illiteracy and its consequences. Penguin, 1988

Porter, Theodore. Trust in numbers: the pursuit of objectivity in science and public life. Princeton University Press, 1996. Library resource

Reinhart, Alex. Statistics Done Wrong. The woefully complete guide. No Starch Press, 2015

Reuben, Anthony. Statistical. Ten easy ways to avoid being misled by numbers. Constable, 2019

Rosling, Hans. The joy of stats. 1h Video

Rowntree, Derek. Statistics without tears. An introduction for non-mathematicians. Penguin, 2018

Sense About Science. Making sense of statistics. What statistics tell you and how to ask the right questions. Sense About Science. 2010

Silver, Nate. The Signal and the Noise. The Art and Science of Prediction. Penguin, 2012

Spiegelhalter, David. The Art of Statistics. Learning from Data. Pelican, 2019

Stray, Jonathan. Drawing conclusions from data. 2013.

Stray, Jonathan. The curious journalist’s guide to data. Tow Center, 2018

Taylor, Paul. Insanely complicated. Hopelessly inadequate. London Review of Books. 43/2, January 2021

Wheelan, Charles. Naked statistics. Stripping the dread from the data. Norton, 2013


Ahmad, Mohammed Idriss. Bellingcat and how open source reinvented journalism. The New York Review of Books. June 2019

Bazzell, Michael. Open Source Intelligence Techniques. Inteltechniques. 8th ed., 2021

Berkeley Law Human Rights Center. Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open Source Investigations. Berkeley & UN, 2020

Carrieri, Matt. Open-source evidence and the International Criminal Court. Harvard Human Rights Journal. April 2019.

Chauhan, Sudhanshu & Kumar Panda, Nutan. Hacking Web Intelligence: open source intelligence and web reconnaissance concepts and techniques. Syngress, April 2015. Library resource

Digital Investigation. Academic journal. Library resource

Dubberly, Sam, Koenig, Alexa & Murray, Daragh. Digital Witness. Using Open Source Information for Human Rights Investigation, Documentation, and Accountability. OUP, 2020

Economist. Open-source intelligence challenges state monopolies on information. August 2021.

Edwards, Maxim. Open-source journalism in a wired world. Nieman report, 2022

Hahn, Oliver & Stalph, Florian Hahn, Oliver, editor.; Stalph, Florian, editor. Digital investigative journalism: data, visual analytics and innovative methodologies in international reporting. Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. Library resource

Hassan, Nihad A & Hijazi, Rami. Open Source Intelligence Methods and Tools: A Practical Guide to Online Intelligence Apress, 2018. Library resource

Higgins, Eliot. We are Bellingcat. An intelligence agency for the people. Bloomsbury, 2021. Library resource

McDermott, Yvonne. Open Source Information’s Blind Spot: Human and Machine Bias in International Criminal Investigations. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 2021

Pool, Hans. Bellingcat. Truth in a post-truth world. 2018. 60’ documentary Library resource (Box of Broadcasts)

Silverman, Craig. Verification Handbook 2

Scraping & APIs

— See also Ethics and Legal

Bradshaw, Paul. Scraping for Journalists. Leanpub, 2017

Bradshaw, Paul. What Data Journalists Need to Know About APIs. GIJN, 2022

Carter, Laura. There is always an element of judgement. Datakind UK

Google. Robots.txt files overview

Harlow, Max. Fetch and enrich data with APIs.

Heydt, Michael. Python web scraping cookbook. Packt, 2018 Library resource

Jarmul, Katherine & Lawson, Richard. Python web scraping: fetching data from the web. Packt, 2nd ed., 2017 Library resource

Kouzis-Loukas, Dimitrios. Learning Scrapy: learn the art of efficient web scraping and crawling with Python. Packt, 2016 Library resource

Mitchell, Ryan. Web scraping with Python. O’Reilly, 2nd ed., 2018 Library resource

Ni, Daniel. Five Tips for web scraping without getting booted. 2019

Schacht, Kira. A web scraping toolkit for journalists, 2019

Shiab, Nael, Web scraping. A journalist’s guide, GIJN, 2015

Smith, Madolyn. APIs for journalism.

Sweigart, Al. “Web scraping”, Automate the boring stuff, No starch press, 2nd ed, 2020, p. 267-300.

The Markup. Why web scraping is vital to democracy. 2020

Storytelling with data

Bastien, Karen. Story angles from data. 2020. 1hr Video (in French)

Blinderman, Ilia. How to make dope shit: Part 3 Storytelling. The Pudding

Bradshaw, Paul. Empathy as an investigative tool. Blogpost, 2020

Bradshaw, Paul. It’s not all about numbers: six ways data can give you a story lead. 2020

Bradshaw, Paul. Seven story structures. Blogpost, 2019

Constantaras & Valeeva. A data journalist’s guide to building a hypothesis., 2021

Flowers, Andrew. The six types of data journalism stories. 48’ Video (from 10’). 2017

Gottschall, Jonathan. The storytelling animal. First Mariner, 2013

NY Times, Finding stories in data: tipsheets

Paulos, John Allen. Once upon a number: The hidden mathematical logic of stories. Penguin, 1998

Storr, Will. The science of storytelling. William Collins, 2019

Thomas, Amber. How to go from idea, to data, to story. The Pudding. 2020

Webster, Mary-Jo. Bringing the power of data to deadline stories. 2020


Guides to what kind of graph to use:

Anscombe, F.J. Graphs in Statistical Analysis. The American Statistician, 27/1, 1973, pp. 17-21

Blinderman, Ilia. How to make dope shit. Part 2: Design. The Pudding

Cairo, Alberto. The functional art. New Rider, 2013 Library resource

Cairo, Alberto. The truthful art. New Rider, 2016 Library resource

Cairo, Alberto. Datasaurus. 2016

Chalabi, Mona. Instagram

Civil Service UK. Introduction to data visualisation

Dick, Murray. The infographic: a history of data graphics in news and communications. MIT Press, 2020. Library resource

Engebretsen, Martin & Kennedy, Helen. Data Visualisation in Society. 2020

Financial Times. Chart advice blogs.

House of Commons. Library guide to designing effective charts

Knight Center. Module 5. Visualising. Data journalism and visualisation with free tools. Online course. 2019

Levontin, Polina & Walton, Jo Lindsay, Visualising Uncertainty. Sad Press, 2020

Matejka, Justin & Fitzmaurice, George. Same Stats, Different Graphs: Generating Datasets with Varied Appearance and Identical Statistics through Simulated Annealing, CHI, 2017 [‘the Datasaurus dozen’]

Muth, Lisa Charlotte. How to choose more beautiful colors for your data visualisation. Blogpost, Datawrapper, 2020

Muth, Lisa Charlotte. In defense of simple charts. Blogpost, Datawrapper, 2021

Posavec, Stefanie & Lupi, Giorgia. Dear Data. Particular Books, 2016 & Project

Rue, Jeremy. Visualising data: a guide to chart types. Berkeley. 2019

Schwabisch, Jonathan. Better data vizualisations. Columbia, 2021. Library resource

Smith, Alan. How charts work. Pearson, 2022.

Sunlight Foundation. Dataviz style guidelines

Tufte, Edward. Beautiful Evidence. Graphics Press, 2006

Tufte, Edward. Envisioning information. Graphics Press, 1990

Tufte, Edward. The visual display of quantitative information. 2nd ed., Graphics Press, 2001

Tableau resources:

Wilkinson, Leland. The grammar of graphics. Springer, 1999 Library resource

Wong, Dona M. The Wall Street Journal Guide to Information Graphics. Norton, 2013. Library resource (2010 ed.)